- Citrine: Golden yellow quartz, most often the result of heat treating amethyst. Citrine is a very powerful stone which is said to augment happiness, prosperity, generosity, creativity, pleasure, protection, strength, self-confidence, stability, moderation, energy, comfort, career success, truth, goodness, warmth, assimilation, enjoyment of life and spiritual growth.
- Garnet: A silicate mineral available in many colors, red is the most common variety. It is said to inspire romantic love, passion, sensuality, sexuality, intimacy, positive thoughts, inspiration, energy, career success, social popularity and self-confidence. Garnet, a very grounding stone, may help with productivity and goal achievement.
- Picture Jasper: Red, yellow or brown chalcedony (quartz). Jasper is associated with relaxation, contentment, compassion for nature, nurturing, consolation, organization, tranquility, completion, wholeness, healing and gentle endings.
- Aquamarine: A member of the beryl family associated with meditation, serenity, peace, inspiration, tranquility, strength and the wise use of inner power. Aquamarine is said to be attuned to the seas and was used to soothe, calm phobias and alleviate seasickness.
- Black Tourmaline (Schorl): Is said to be a very powerful healing aid which is said to remove negativity, enhance happiness, objectivity, compassion, serenity, balance, positive transformation, strength and tolerance.
- Amazonite: A member of the Feldspar group. It is said to inspire truth, sincerity, honor, self-love, communication, eloquence, integrity, trust, clairvoyance, clarity, prophecy and openness
- Smoky Quartz: Is said to foster serenity, calmness, positive thoughts; calm fears; lift depression. Also associated with stability, practicality, pride, joy and realistic, grounded accomplishment.
- Turquoise: Has a long history of purported healing properties including serenity, protection, meditation energy, wisdom, honest communication, strength, friendship and love.
- Lapis Lazuli: Made up of many minerals lapis is a rock associated with truthfulness, openness, inner power, love, purification, intuition, a sense of wonder and mystery, self-confidence, virility, manifestation, an appreciation of mystery, and tranquility. Lapis lazuli is said to facilitate using inner power while purifying the soul and the thoughts.
- Tiger’s Eye: A brown chalcedony (quartz) with golden chatoyance. It is claimed to enhance protection, clear thinking, personal empowerment, integrity, willpower, practicality, grace and the ability to see clearly and without illusion and balancing male and female energy.
- Labradorite: A member of the feldspar group, Labradorite is claimed to be beneficial for promotion of psychic abilities, spiritual powers, strength of will and a feeling of inner worth.
- Prehnite: Part of the quartz family it is said to facilitate trustworthiness, truth, calmness, sincerity and sensitivity and feelings of love and appreciation.
- Moonstone: A member of the feldspar family, moonstones is lauded for protection of women, mothers, childbirth and nature. Moonstones are said to promote happiness, good fortune, nurturing, unselfishness, humanitarian love, hope, spiritual insight, new beginnings and abundance.
- Onyx: A type of black or brown (sometimes banded) chalcedony (quartz) asserted to promote increased vigor, strength, stamina, constancy, steadfastness, permanence , tenacity, firmness, durability and self-control. Valuable in difficult or confusing times of our lives.
- Chrysocolla: Part of the quartz family, it is associated with tranquility, serenity, peace, subconscious wisdom, intuition, patience, acceptance, tolerance, unconditional love, calmness, meditation, honesty, hope, intimacy, gentleness and sensitivity.
- Aventurine (New Jade): Part of the quartz family it ranges in color from golden brown to green. It is said to enhance creativity, imagination, independence, prosperity, career success, calmness and balance. It helps us to see alternatives and potentials.
- Hematite: An iron ore, it is professed to enhance focus, concentration, will-power, reliability, courage, confidence, optimism, trust, balance and stability. Hematite has been traditionally considered to have a beneficial effect on legal situations and ailments of the blood.
- Aragonite: A form of calcite. It is said to foster truth, alleviate emotional and mental stress, and foster inner understanding, clear perception and aid concentration and help ameliorate pain.
- Pyrite (Fools Gold): Iron ore, named for the Greek word pyr, which means 'fire', pyrite is said to increases physical stamina, stimulate the intellect and helps to transform thought into considered action.
- Fluorite: Commonly white, yellow, blue, green, purple or a mixture of these colors. Fluorite is known for fostering truth, intellect, consciousness, aura cleansing and protection. Fluorite is said to be a very protective stone, especially offering psychic protection.
- Rhodochrosite: Is lauded for its connection to healing, harmony, friendship promoting emotional expression, kindness tolerance, compassion and self-love.
- Chrysoprase: A green form of chalcedony (quartz) which is linked with communication, eloquence, balance, stability, adaptability, good choices, mindfulness and helps control impulsivity. It is said to be a good detoxifier and helps resonate feelings of love and protection.
- Carnelian: A red orange form of chalcedony (quartz) is said to promote emotional warmth, sociability, creativity, individuality, memory, appreciation of nature, harmony, courage, women’s reproductive health, self-esteem, and rebirth.
- Rose Quartz: Associated with all forms of love: self-love, mother love, caring, kindness, platonic and romantic live. Professed to opens hearts and encourages tender, peaceful and gentle action and thought. It is said to emanate unconditional love and help attract positive, gentle love into our lives.
- Corundum (Ruby): A very powerful stone which is said to foster integrity, devotion, happiness, strength, healing, courage, passion, romance, enthusiasm and generosity. Also evokes warmth, generosity, inspiration, prosperity, high energy, power and leadership ability.
- Agate: In chalcedony (quartz) family, comes in a wide range of colors and is often variegated and banded. They are considered very powerful stones which are calming and soothing to the emotions. They are said to foster love, abundance, wealth, good luck, longevity, acceptance, courage, protection, balance, harmony, generosity, personal strength, and appreciation of nature.
- Crystal Quartz: One of earth's most common minerals. It is also known as rock crystal or quartz crystal. Clear quartz is said to facilitate wisdom, clarity of thought, general healing, memory, meditation, communication, transformation, awakening, cleansing, pureness of heart, intention, higher consciousness, positive thoughts, harmony and love. Legends say this stone amplifies prayers, wishes and positive visualizations.
- Zebra Jasper: Is said to show one’s true natures and help see past illusion. It is a grounding stone which is helpful with meditation, relationships, clarity of thought and vitality.
- Amethyst: Part of the quartz family it ranges in color from violet to dark purple. Amethyst is often associated with nobility, spiritual awareness, meditation, balance, inner peace, healing and positive transformation. Amethysts are said to be very healing of body, mind and soul.
Meaning of 108 Beads on a Mala
by Swami Jnaneshvara Bharati
Below are some of the many reasons that have been given for having 108 beads on a mala, as well as a few other points of interest. None of these reasons are being promoted here as more or less true than the others. However, you may notice that 108 appears to be somewhat like a road map of reality in general, and the human in particular.
Regardless of the meaning of 108, it is important that if a mala is used to count mantras, the mantra be remembered with sincerity, devotion, feeling, and full attention.
- 9 times 12: Both of these numbers have been said to have spiritual significance in many traditions. 9 times 12 is 108. Also, 1 plus 8 equals 9. That 9 times 12 equals 108.
- Powers of 1, 2, and 3 in math: 1 to 1st power=1; 2 to 2nd power=4 (2x2); 3 to 3rd power=27 (3x3x3). 1x4x27=108
- Harshad number: 108 is a Harshad number, which is an integer divisible by the sum of its digits (Harshad is from Sanskrit, and means "great joy")
- Desires: There are said to be 108 earthly desires in mortals.
- Lies: There are said to be 108 lies that humans tell.
- Delusions: There are said to be 108 human delusions or forms of ignorance.
- Heart Chakra: The chakras are the intersections of energy lines, and there are said to be a total of 108 energy lines converging to form the heart chakra. One of them, sushumna leads to the crown chakra, and is said to be the path to Self-realization.
- Sanskrit alphabet: There are 54 letters in the Sanskrit alphabet. Each has masculine and feminine, shiva and shakti. 54 times 2 is 108.
- Pranayama: If one is able to be so calm in meditation as to have only 108 breaths in a day, enlightenment will come.
- Upanishads: Some say there are 108 Upanishads, texts of the wisdom of the ancient sages.
- Sri Yantra: On the Sri Yantra there are marmas where three lines intersect, and there are 54 such intersections. Each intersections has masculine and feminine, shiva and shakti qualities. 54 times 2 equals 108. Thus, there are 108 points that define the Sri Yantra as well as the human body.
- Pentagon: The angle formed by two adjacent lines in a pentagon equals 108 degrees.
- Marmas: Marmas or marmasthanas are like energy intersections called chakras, except have fewer energy lines converging to form them. There are said to be 108 marmas in the subtle body.
- Time: Some say there are 108 feelings, with 36 related to the past, 36 related to the present, and 36 related to the future.
- 8 extra beads: In doing a practice of counting the number of repetitions of the mala, 100 are counted as completed. The remaining are said to cover errors or omissions. The 8 are also said to be an offering to God and Guru.
- Chemistry: Interestingly, there are about 115 elements known on the periodic table of the elements. Most of those, around or higher than the number 100 only exist in the laboratory, and some for only thousandths of a second. The number that naturally exist on Earth is around 100.
- Astrology: There are 12 constellations, and 9 arc segments called namshas or chandrakalas. 9 times 12 equals 108. Chandra is moon, and kalas are the divisions within a whole.
- River Ganga: The sacred River Ganga spans a longitude of 12 degrees (79 to 91), and a latitude of 9 degrees (22 to 31). 12 times 9 equals 108.
- Planets and Houses: In astrology, there are 12 houses and 9 planets. 12 times 9 equals 108.
- Goddess names: There are said to be 108 Indian goddess names.
- Gopis of Krishna: In the Krishna tradition, there were said to be 108 gopis or maid servants of Krishna.
- 1, 0, and 8: Some say that 1 stands for God or higher Truth, 0 stands for emptiness or completeness in spiritual practice, and 8 stands for infinity or eternity.
- Sun and Earth: The diameter of the Sun is 108 times the diameter of the Earth. The distance from the Sun to the Earth is 108 times the diameter of the Sun.
- Moon and Earth: The average distance of the Moon from the Earth is 108 times the diameter of the Moon.
- Silver and the moon: In astrology, the metal silver is said to represent the moon. The atomic weight of silver is 108.
- Numerical scale: The 1 of 108, and the 8 of 108, when added together equals 9, which is the number of the numerical scale, i.e. 1, 2, 3 ... 10, etc., where 0 is not a number.
- Meditations: Some say there are 108 styles of meditation.
- Breath: Tantra estimates the average number of breaths per day at 21,600, of which 10,800 are solar energy, and 10,800 are lunar energy. Multiplying 108 by 100 is 10,800. Multiplying 2 x 10,800 equals 21,600.
- Paths to God: Some suggest that there are 108 paths to God.
- Smaller divisions: The number 108 is divided, such as in half, third, quarter, or twelfth, so that some malas have 54, 36, 27, or 9 beads.
- Hinduism: 108 is said to refer to the number of Hindu deities. Some say that each of the deities has 108 names.
- Islam: The number 108 is used in Islam to refer to God.
- Jain: In the Jain religion, 108 are the combined virtues of five categories of holy ones, including 12, 8, 36, 25, and 27 virtues respectively.
- Sikh: The Sikh tradition has a mala of 108 knots tied in a string of wool, rather than beads.
- Buddhism: Some Buddhists carve 108 small Buddhas on a walnut for good luck. Some ring a bell 108 times to celebrate a new year. There are said to be 108 virtues to cultivate and 108 defilements to avoid.
- Chinese: The Chinese Buddhists and Taoists use a 108 bead mala, which is called su-chu, and has three dividing beads, so the mala is divided into three parts of 36 each. Chinese astrology says that there are 108 sacred stars.
- Stages of the soul: Said that Atman, the human soul or center goes through 108 stages on the journey.
- Meru: This is a larger bead, not part of the 108. It is not tied in the sequence of the other beads. It is the quiding bead, the one that marks the beginning and end of the mala.
- Dance: There are 108 forms of dance in the Indian traditions.
- Praiseworthy souls: There are 108 qualities of praiseworthy souls.
- First man in space:The first manned space flight lasted 108 minutes, and was on April 12, 1961 by Yuri Gagarin, a Soviet cosmonaut.
10 Reasons To Have A Himalayan Salt Lamp In Every Room Of Your Home
June 15, 2015 by Janice Taylor
You don’t know what you’re missing if you’ve never owned a Himalayan salt lamp. It’s like having an open window – a softly glowing natural source of fresh, clean air – on your desk, in your living room, next to the bed, or anywhere you choose to put it.
Before we dive into the health benefits of using Himalayan salt lamps in your home, it may be helpful to first have a brief chemistry lesson:
All matter (the human body, air, water, etc) is made up of molecules which are made up of atoms which are made up of three types of particles: protons (positive charge), electrons (negative charge), and neutrons (no charge). Electrons orbit their molecules like planets revolve around a star. Occasionally an electron flies off and when it does, it leaves behind a positively-charged ion whose sole purpose in life becomes to fill the void left by its little lost electron. In other words: it wants to steal a replacement electron from another molecule. Due to differences in molecular structure (number of electrons in the outermost orbit, strength and structure of electron bonds, etc) some materials lose electrons much more easily than others.
With this basic understanding of the behaviors of positive and negative ions fresh in your mind, let’s take a look at the top 10 benefits of the Himalayan Salt Lamp.
- Salt Lamps Cleanse & Deodorize the Air
Probably the most well-known benefit – and why the majority of people use them – is due to their incredible power to remove dust, pollen, cigarette smoke, and other contaminants from the air. “But how do they do this,” you ask? “It’s just a big chunk of salt with a light bulb inside, right?”
Well yes, but no. There’s much more to it than that.
Himalayan salt lamps purify air through the power of hygroscopy, meaning that they attract water molecules from the surrounding environment then absorb those molecules – as well as any foreign particles they may be carrying – into the salt crystal. As the HPS lamp warms up from the heat produced by the light bulb inside, that same water then evaporates back into the air and the trapped particles of dust, pollen, smoke, etc remain locked in the salt.
- Reduce Allergy & Asthma Symptoms Because Himalayan salt lamps remove microscopic particles of dust, pet dander, mold, mildew and the like from the surrounding air, placing a lamp or two in the rooms where you spend the most time can seriously cut back on allergy symptoms. Even people who suffer from asthma should notice a big difference after a week or two. (In fact, Himalayan pink salt is so good for your airways, there are even HPS Inhalers!)
- Eases Coughing When the Himalayan salt lamp heats up and begins its hygroscopic cycling of airborne particles, it also changes the charge of the molecules which are released. (Remember our chemistry lesson?) The majority of homes are filled with positively charged ions which aren’t particularly good for a person’s health. The positive ions are created by a number of things, but the primary source for most of us is from our electronics.
One of the health detriments of breathing lots of positive ions in the air is that the cilia (microscopic hairs) which line the trachea (aka: windpipe) become sluggish and don’t work as well to keep contaminants out of our lungs. As a Himalayan pink salt lamp absorbs water and particles from the air, it also takes positive ions with them. Then, when the heated salt releases cleansed water vapor back into the air, it also expels negative ions which have the opposite effect on our airways – increasing cilial activity to keep your lungs clear.
What all this means in a nut shell: Besides removing contaminants from the air, Himalayan pink salt lamps also help your body to filter air more efficiently so any foreign particles you do happen to breathe won’t make it into your lungs.
- Increase Energy Levels Taking a drive through the countryside with the windows down, spending time at the beach or camping in the mountains, or simply taking a shower first thing in the morning are all things that many people find invigorating. It’s not a coincidence that these are all activities which expose us to increased concentrations of negative ions such as those generated by Himalayan salt lamps. The fact is, positive ions sap our bodies of energy. Unfortunately, it’s all too common for us to try to diagnose the problem as something else entirely.
If you constantly feel tired and don’t know why, try keeping a Himalayan salt lamp in the room or rooms where you spend the most time. After about a week, you should notice a difference.
- Neutralize Electromagnetic Radiation Nowadays, most of us are living in a metaphorical ocean of electromagnetic (EM) radiation which flows from our electronics (ie: television, computer, cell phone, tablet, appliances, sterio, etc). While they may be invisible, the long-term effectsof EM exposure can be quite serious. Constant exposure to EM radiation is known to increase stress levels, cause chronic fatigue, and decrease the body’s immune response, among other things.
As they emit negative ions into the air, Himalayan salt lamps work to neutralize electromagnetic radiation. Keep one next to the computer, television, and any other electrical devices which you use frequently to reduce the potential danger to you and your family.
- Better Sleep Another side effect which results from over-exposure to positive ions in the air is that it robs you of quality sleep. This happens because those positively-charged particles can actually reduce blood and oxygen supply to the brainresulting in irregular sleep patterns. Himalayan pink salt lamps are natural negative ion generators, thus they can help to reverse this problem. Keep one or two around your bedroom to improve the air quality so you can get a better night’s sleep.
Remember, even if you’re like me and you can’t sleep unless the room is totally dark, you can always turn the lamp off at bedtime. Just leave it on for the rest of the day so it can do its work while you’re awake. People in humid climates should be aware that HPS lamps tend to weep when the salt becomes cool. You’ll definitely want to protect surfaces by placing a saucer underneath and be sure to follow the instructions for use and care which should be included with your lamp!
- Improve Mood & Concentration Himalayan pink salt lamps are a great way to naturally enhance your mood or to help you relax and unwind at the end of the day. At the same time and on the opposite side of the coin, HPS lamps are great for improving concentration. Again, this is due to the effect of the negative ions on your body, improving blood and oxygen supply to the brain and other organs, as well as providing a boost of serotonin – the neurotransmitter which makes us (literally) feel happy.
- Treat Seasonal Affective Disorder In addition to generating negative ions which improve mood and energy levels, the soft, natural light given off by a Himalayan pink salt lamp is close enough to the warm glow of sunshine that they can even be used to relieve the symptoms of Seasonal Affective Disorder. This year when the days get shorter, fight back the lethargy by surrounding yourself with a few HPS lamps set on timers.
- Reduce Static Electricity in the Air While not a “health benefit” at first glance, static is pesky stuff. It causes stress, embarrassment, and frustration. Static zaps you when you least expect it, as you’re reaching for a door handle, kissing your husband or wife before bed, or trying to pet your dog or cat. Static can give you a bad hair day, make it impossible to clean crumbs or coffee grounds off of the kitchen counter, and even cause you to accidentally go to work with a sock stuck to the back of your shirt…
(Okay, so that last one may have been a little over-the-top.) The point is, static electricity can be a huge pain and Himalayan pink salt lamps are a natural way to neutralize the airborne ionized particles which cause it.
- Environmentally-Friendly Light Source Last, but not least: Himalayan pink salt lamps are environmentally friendly. While only an estimate, the reserves from which HPS is mined measure somewhere between 80 and 600 million tons and is projected to last for at least another 350 years at the current extraction rate. The base of an HPS lamp is generally carved from a sustainable wood such as neem. Some lamps use a low-wattage bulb which consumes very little energy while others are powered by a lit candle.
Choosing & Placing Your Himalayan Pink Salt Lamp When it comes to buying Himalayan pink salt lamps, coverage is determined by the size of the crystal. Smaller lamps (like this 5.4 lb) are good for the average bedroom, while larger lamps (like this 12 lb) are better for spaces like the living room or den. On average, calculate that 1 lb of HPS crystal will cleanse the air in approximately a 4′ x 4′ area.
If you can’t find a large enough lamp for any given room, remember that you can use multiple lamps spread out around the space for the same effect.
I highly recommend building a whole-home collection of these beautiful lights even if you only buy one or two at a time. Start by purchasing appropriately-sized lamps for those areas where you spend the most time, then move on to rooms with lots of electrical devices, and finish your collection by adding lamps to infrequently-used spaces.
For added variety, consider adding these Himalayan pink salt tealight holders to your HPS collection for a portable air purifier that can move around your house with you.
Remember, Himalayan pink salt crystals will begin to melt with prolonged exposure to high humidity. For this reason, use caution and keep a close watch on any HPS lamps positioned near sources of steam such as dishwashers, laundry machines, or showers.
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Our "Tiny Terrarium" tutorial was not only seen by over 30,000 creative people but it is now also one of 20 "Runner Up" recipients out of 620 entries.
For our efforts in creating a terrarium that is self sustaining using recycled materials, we won awesome prizes:
Check out the all the winners here!
Congratulations to everyone, keep up the great work!